DATA PREPARATION GLOSSARY.

The concepts of data processing are not always simple. Therefore we compiled a small glossary for you.

 

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A

Articles / SKU

An article or stock keeping unit (SKU) is an inventory-managed and saleable unit.

 

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ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number is the ten digit alphanumeric product identification number introduced by Amazon.com.

 

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Attribute

Properties of products, variants or articles.

 

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C

Classification

Assignment of products to defined categories.

 

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D

Data Normalisation

Normalization of data for use cases such as date/time, telephone numbers, quantities, collective values, pattern-based normalization, repetition information, dictionary-based normalization, quantity normalization, etc.

 

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Data Schema

Set of mandatory or optional attributes defined for a specific record or product family.

 

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Dictionary

Mapping of values for various transformations like normalizations, categorizations, etc.

 

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Digital Twin

A digital twin is the digital representation of a product from the real world in order to enable a comprehensive data exchange with the product or its properties.

 

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E

EAN

European Article Number – unique product identification.

 

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ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning is a system in which retailers or dealers store logistics and supplier-related information (e.g. supplier ID, locations, delivery procedures, warehouse addresses, items in stock, etc.). No information is displayed to the end user.

 

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Extraction

The retrieval of product information from unstructured or poorly structured data sources for further data processing or data storage.

 

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G

GDSN

The Global Data Synchronisation Network enables trading partners to globally share trusted product data in real-time.

 

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Global Attribute

Attributes that each article has.

 

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GTIN

Global Trade Item Number, EAN equivalent outside Europe, equivalent to barcode, a 13- or 16-digit number.

 

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L

List of Values

List of values (LOV) that an attribute can assume.

 

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I

Input Data

Overall description of data of manufacturers, distributors or content providers.

 

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M

Mandatory Field

Attribute that must be filled in a specific context for a valid data record.

 

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MPN

Manufacturer Part Number, product number of the manufacturer, equivalent to the supplier ID.

 

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O

Optional Attribute

Attribute, which must be optionally filled for a valid record.

 

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Onboarding

Implement product data or articles in your own system. This can be done in the system manually or automatically.

 

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P

PIM

Product information management, system in which retailers or dealers store product description information (e.g. size, color, name, description, dimensions, features, etc.). Information that is displayed to the end user.

 

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Precision and recall

Precision or positive predictive value is the fraction of relevant instances among the retrieved instances, while recall or sensitivity is the fraction of relevant instances that have been retrieved over the total amount of relevant instances. Both precision and recall are therefore based on an understanding and measure of relevance.

 

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Product Variant

Characteristic (valid configuration) of a product, e.g. product in a valid color – size combination. The values are also called variant-creating attributes. Product variants differ only slightly from the other products within a product group.

 

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Product Group

Amount of product variants containing the articles in the various possible configurations

 

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Product Family

Amount of products that have the same scheme, e.g. laptops, helmets, shoes.

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Product Data Model (PDM)

Describes how products are defined in a record. This includes categories and hierarchies, attributes per category (optional and mandatory), data types, value lists, available units, formatting information, separators, etc.

 

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S

Schema

Set of mandatory or optional attributes defined for a product family.

 

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Schema-Mapping

Identify and arrange matching columns between two or more records.

 

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Suppiler Data

Overall description of data of manufacturers, distributors or content providers.

 

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T

Target Structure

Describes the structure of the import file, which can then be used for the import into the product database.

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W

WAWI / WWS

The inventory management software (Warenwirtschaftssystem WAWI/WWS) is an IT application system for mapping and controlling the flow of goods in a retail company.

 

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